Error message

  • Deprecated function: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; ctools_context has a deprecated constructor in require_once() (line 127 of /var/www/dh/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module).
  • Deprecated function: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; ctools_context_required has a deprecated constructor in require_once() (line 127 of /var/www/dh/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module).
  • Deprecated function: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; ctools_context_optional has a deprecated constructor in require_once() (line 127 of /var/www/dh/sites/all/modules/ctools/ctools.module).

Crafting New Narratives on the Field

Photos: 

“The consistently strong football teams which the Government Indian School at Carlisle, Pa., has turned out for the past ten years, and especially the remarkable record made by the Indians in the last two or three years has caused many to attribute this success to questionable methods of recruiting the team, when as a matter of fact the success of the Indians has been due to the rough, hardy outdoor life that the players have been inured to from the day they were born. In addition to this purely physical explanation, there is a psychological one: the Indians know that people regard them as an inferior race, unable to compete successfully in any line of endeavor with the white men, and as a result they are imbued with a fighting spirit, when pitted against their  white brethren, that carries them a long way toward victory.”

The Carlisle Indian School is often remembered for its dynamic football program, led by the legendary Glenn “Pop” Warner. While at Carlisle, Warner coached Jim Thorpe, who went on to win two Olympic titles and play professional and collegiate football. The Carlisle Indians became a football powerhouse, competing with major collegiate football programs. In The Indian Craftsman, the author identifies their strength as a psychological motive: in this interpretation, football becomes a resistance to racial narratives.