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Gibbons, Thomas

First Name: 
Thomas
Last Name: 
Gibbons
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1720
Death: 
1785
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
Independent
Education: 
grammar school; dissenting academy at Deptford under Abraham Taylor; studied under John Eames at Moorfields; MA from Princeton 1760; DD from Aberdeen University 1764
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Clerical religious writing
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
Isaac Watts; George Whitefield; SJ; Philip Doddridge
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Gibbons was a highly influential Independent minister and prolific sermon writer. He published a volume of his poetry; many of his poems are occasional elegies or hymns. His style shows the influence of Isaac Watts.

George, William

First Name: 
William
Last Name: 
George
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1697
Death: 
1756
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
Eton College 1712; King's College, Cambridge 1716; BA in 1719/20; MA 1723; DD 1728; fellow of King's 1719-28
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
University wit and Latinity
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
Musae Etonenses, ed. J. Prinsep, 2 vols. (a poem on the death of Frederick, prince of Wales), 1755; Musae Anglicaniae, vol. 3 (‘Camera obscura’ and ‘Omnia vanitas’, both anonymous), 1741
Summing Up: 

George was a clergyman and controversial headmaster of Eton. He was admired as a decent classical scholar and Latin poet. His poems are in two Latin collections.

Gent, Thomas

First Name: 
Thomas
Last Name: 
Gent
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1693
Death: 
1778
Nationality: 
Irish
Religion: 
Presbyterian
Education: 
learned reading, writing, arithmetic, and Latin
Politics: 
High-church tory
Milieux: 
Working-class poet
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
attempted to establish a quarterly magazine Miscellaneae curiosae, or, Entertainments for the Ingenious of Both Sexes -- ran to only six numbers between 1734 and 1735
Summing Up: 

Gent was a printer from humble origins. In his youth, he worked for numerous printers in London and Dublin before settling down in his own shop in Fleet Street, where he printed popular ballads, topical pieces, and his own original verse compositions. He moved to York, where he printed a wide range of works, most notably own topographical works and histories. His York printing business failed, however, in 1740 due to competition, and he spent the last twenty years of his life struggling against poverty and living as a beneficiary of Allen's charity.

Gay, John

First Name: 
John
Last Name: 
Gay
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1685
Death: 
1732
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
Barnstaple grammar school; did not attend university due to financial constraints; apprentice to the silk mercer John Willet in London
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Playwright
Patrons: 
William Pulteney ("it seems probable that Gay used the pseudonym James Baker to aid his new patron") (DNB); the earl of Burlington; the earl of Warwick; duchess of Queensberry; Henrietta Howard
Coteries: 
Aaron Hill; William Fortescue; Scriblerus Club, 1714: Pope, Swift, John Arbuthnot, Thomas Parnell, and Lord Oxford; Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
contributed to the British Apollo, ed. Aaron Hill and Marshall Smith, a promotional poem ‘To the learned ingenious Author of Licentia Poetica Discuss'd’; Miscellany, ed. Bernard Lintot (‘On a Miscellany of Poems’ and a translation of ‘The Story of Arachne’); the Guardian, ed. Steele (contributed part of the essay on an ‘Obsequium Catholicon’); Poetical Miscellany, ed. Steele (‘A Thought on Eternity’); anonymous tory satires in The Examiner
Summing Up: 

Gay was a poet/playwright and member of the Scriblerus Club. He had a rocky start, but his Poems on Several Occasions gained him a considerable amount wealth, which he invested and augmented. However, he lost much in the South Sea crash; thanks to Pope's intervention, Gay managed to secure over £400 for his original investment of £1000. Gay is an interesting case of an "uneducated," "working-class" man becoming a successful (though struggling) writer.

Gardiner, James

First Name: 
James
Last Name: 
Gardiner
Sex: 
Male
Death: 
1732
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
Anglican
Education: 
Westminster School; pensioner of Emmanuel College, Cambridge 1695; BA, as sixteenth wrangler, 1699; MA in 1702; elected a fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge 1700; incorporated into the University of Oxford 1703
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Clerical religious writing
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
Oxford and Cambridge Miscellany Poems, 1709
Summing Up: 

A clergyman, Gardiner received preferments in 1704 from his father, the bishop of Lincoln, which he held until his death. He published a few sermons, as well as poems in the Oxford and Cambridge Miscellany and an English translation of 'Rapin of gardens'.

Gambold, John

First Name: 
John
Last Name: 
Gambold
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1711
Death: 
1771
Nationality: 
Welsh?
Religion: 
Oxford Methodism; converted to the Moravian church around 1738
Education: 
educated by his father; Christ Church, Oxford, as a servitor 1726
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Clerical religious writing
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
Charles Wesley, until a breach in 1741 due to Gambold's association with the Moravian circle
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Gambold was a beloved Moravian minister and bishop. In his youth, he was a hypochondriac, melancholic recluse, though always conscientious about his clerical duties. He purportedly found solice in the Moravian church. Together with James Hutton, he became the chief translator and editor of a series of literary defences of the Moravian church in England against attacks during the 1750s, though he remained anonymous. He also employed his editorial skills as a proofreader and editor for William Bowyer, the publisher. As a Moravian, Gambold had embraced poverty.

Gahagan, Usher

First Name: 
Usher
Last Name: 
Gahagan
Sex: 
Male
Death: 
1749
Nationality: 
Irish
Religion: 
converted to Catholicism while a student at Trinity
Education: 
Trinity College, Dublin, no degree
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
University wit and Latinity
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
Hugh Coffey
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Gahagan's early conversion to Catholicism barred him from becoming a lawyer and prompted his parents to disown him. He married a wealthy heiress, but his cruel treatment of her led to their separation. With accumulating debts, he moved to London hoping to make a living writing, acting as an editor and translating some of Pope's works into Latin. He was sentenced to execution for illegal coining. He wrote verses addressed to the duke of Newcastle and Prince George in the hopes of obtaining a pardon, but in vain.

Thomas, Elizabeth

First Name: 
Elizabeth
Last Name: 
Thomas
Sex: 
Female
Birth: 
1675
Death: 
1731
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
Anglican [I suppose]
Education: 
educated at home
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
coterie and MS circulation; writing for London booksellers
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
John Dryden (corresponded w/ her in last year of his life, gave her the name Corinna; Alexander Pope (acquaintance, enemy after she sold his letters)
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
contributed to Luctus Britannici (memorial volume for John Dryden)
Summing Up: 

There's a lot to be said about Thomas: she had one foot in the world of genteel woman's MS writing, and, because she was a "lady"/gentlewoman with essentially no money, another foot in the Curll world of London bookselling.

Theobald, Lewis

First Name: 
Lewis
Last Name: 
Theobald
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1688
Death: 
1744
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
Anglican
Education: 
educated with children of Baron Rockingham, after early death of his father
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
writing for London booksellers
Patrons: 
Charles Boyle, Earl of Orrery
Coteries: 
friends w/ Addison in 1710s
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
DNB mentions various translations, for Lintot in particular, that are not listed under T's name in DNB.
Summing Up: 

Theobald is historically important as the founder of English textual criticism, emphasizing the actual Shakespearean text as Rowe and Pope had not. His career illustrates the precariousness of life as a professional man of letters--LT earned 1100 guineas from the Shakespeare edition he did for Tonson, but was often out of money both before and after this.

Tatersal, Robert

First Name: 
Robert
Last Name: 
Tatersal
Sex: 
Male
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
NULL
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
working-class poetry
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

As DNB points out, RT's poetry is most notable for its participation in and comment on the Stephen Duck phenomenon of 1730s working class poetry. Biographical info is almost completely lacking. The gambit of dedicating the second volume to the reader is an interesting one.

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