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Author Bios

Adam [Adams], Jean

First Name: 
Jean
Last Name: 
Adam [Adams]
Sex: 
Female
Birth: 
1704
Death: 
1765
Nationality: 
Scots
Religion: 
Calvinist?
Education: 
Informal education while in domestic service with the minister of West Kirk, Greenock
Profession or Occupation: 
Kept a day school until 1751; Supplemented her income by 'assisting at needlework’ in the house of Mr Dennistoun; itinerant needlewoman and domestic worker after 1751
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Domestic/coterie MS circulation
Patrons: 
Mr. Drummond helped compile the volume and raise a subscription
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Adam came from modest origins, but was inspired to write her own poetry after reading Milton and Sidney. Her first and only volume, however, was a commercial failure, and she spent the rest of her savings on shipping copies to Boston, Massachusetts, where they did not sell. Unable to sustain herself on her meager income as a domestic worker, she ultimately died destitute in a pauper's grave. She is best known for the vernacular song, ?There's nae luck about the house,? attributed to her by local tradition, though the authorship is questionable.

Adams, George

First Name: 
George
Last Name: 
Adams
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1698
Death: 
1768
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
Anglican
Education: 
Peterborough School; St. John's, Cambridge (admitted 1716); Cambridge BA, 1720; Cambridge MA, 1735; Fellow of St. John's, Cambridge, 1729
Profession or Occupation: 
ordained deacon at Lincoln, 1720; ordained priest at Lincoln, 1722
Politics: 
whig
Milieux: 
clerical religious writing
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Adams seems to be a standard whig clergyman-poet in the Youngian mode: he was a career cleric who dedicated Anglican apologetic texts (including his one nondramatic poem, Vera Fides) and classical scholarship to Whigs and Hanoverians like the William, Duke of Cumberland, the second son of George II. Poetry is like drama and sermon in serving as a genre for expressing Anglican theology and piety.

Addison, John

First Name: 
John
Last Name: 
Addison
Sex: 
Male
Nationality: 
NULL
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
NULL
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
NULL
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Addison dedicates to the Prince of Wales (my understanding is that dedications were usually undertaken w/ permission), yet he has no status marker attached to his name ("gent.," "esq.," "M.A.") and has left behind no known biographical record.

Algarotti, Francesco

First Name: 
Francesco
Last Name: 
Algarotti
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1712
Death: 
1764
Nationality: 
Italian
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
Tutored by Carlo Lodoli; Bolognia; Fellowship of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries
Profession or Occupation: 
Scientist/scholar
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
NULL
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
Voltaire, Lord Hervey, Lord Burlington, Thomas Gray, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Count Algarotti was an Italian poet, scientist, and scholar who was part of high society. He is best known for his work on Newton. He spent a significant amount of his life in England, though he traveled among London, Berlin, and Venice throughout his life. While the DNB characterizes him as a poet, his poetic works are not accessible through ECCO or ESTC, perhaps because they are not in English?

Amhurst, Nicholas

First Name: 
Nicholas
Last Name: 
Amhurst
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1697
Death: 
1742
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
Merchant Taylors' School, London; St John's College, Oxford (expelled 1719)
Profession or Occupation: 
Professional writer, satirist
Politics: 
Country whig
Milieux: 
Whig satire/political writing; University Wit
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
Editor for and contributor to The Craftsman 1726-1737 under the pseudonym Caleb D'Anvers (leading anti-Walpole newspaper)
Summing Up: 

After his expulsion from university, Amhurst became a professional political satirist. He used poetry and dedications primarily as a venue for satire, main targets of which were life at Oxford, and later, Walpole. He sustained a wide readership.

Annet, Peter

First Name: 
Peter
Last Name: 
Annet
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1693
Death: 
1769
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
anti-Christian, Deist
Education: 
trained for the dissenting ministry
Profession or Occupation: 
Schoolmaster; Developed a system of shorthand; Polemical writer
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Clerical religious writing [but anti-Christian]
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
Member of the Robin Hood Debating Society
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
Acc. to the DNB, "Between 17 October and 12 December 1761 Annet published nine issues of the Free Enquirer," a periodical of arguments against the Old Testament.
Summing Up: 

<p>A religious controversialist, Annet published many lectures and prose works arguing against Christianity. In two of these works, Annet uses verse to convey his religious arguments.</p>

Aram, Peter

First Name: 
Peter
Last Name: 
Aram
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1667
Baptism: 
1667
Death: 
1735
Nationality: 
English
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
trained as a gardener under George London
Profession or Occupation: 
Gardener to Sir Edward Blackett 1694-1718; worked for the bishop of London at Fulham Palace; Steward to Sir John Ingilby of Ripley
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Working-class poetry
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
NULL
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

A minor literary figure and primarily a horticulturist, but the DNB maintains that Studley-Park is hailed as a "well-informed, eloquently turned contribution to the tradition of local descriptive poetry."

Arbuckle, James

First Name: 
James
Last Name: 
Arbuckle
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1700
Death: 
1742
Nationality: 
Born in Ireland, of Scottish descent
Religion: 
Christian Stoic/Presbyterian?
Education: 
Glasgow University, matriculated 1716 to 1719, M.A. 1720; Divinity class 1720-1724
Profession or Occupation: 
clerk in the Irish revenue service; poet and essayist
Politics: 
Whig?
Milieux: 
University Wit
Patrons: 
Molesworth, encouraged him as an essayist and helped him set up the Dublin Weekly Journal
Coteries: 
Allan Ramsay
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
The Edinburgh Miscellany (includes his prologue to a production of Addison's Cato; prologue to Tamerlaine), 1720; Principal writer for the Dublic Weekly Journal, 1725-1727; Dublin Journal (ed. Faulkner); a series of twice-weekly essays entitled The Tribune, 1729; Walthoe's Collection of Epigrams (includes 'On Swift's leaving his fortune to build a mad-house'), 1737
Summing Up: 

Arbuckle earned his living as a clerk but published a significant amount of poetry and essays throughout his life. He wrote on politics, philosophy and religion.

Arbuthnot, John

First Name: 
John
Last Name: 
Arbuthnot
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1667
Baptism: 
1667
Death: 
1735
Nationality: 
Scottish
Religion: 
NULL
Education: 
Marischal College, Aberdeen B.A. 1681-1685; fellow-commoner at University College, Oxford 1694?6; University of St Andrews MD 1696; elected fellow of the Royal Society 1704; Royal Society MD 1705; honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh 1707; fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in London 1710
Profession or Occupation: 
Taught mathematics in London; private tutor to Jeffrey Jeffreys; appointed to Royal Society committee to oversee publication of Historia coelestis 1705; Physician to Prince George; Physician extraordinary to Queen Anne 1705; fourth physician-in-ordinary 1709; physician of Chelsea Hospital 1713; second censor of the Royal College of Physicians 1723
Politics: 
Tory?
Milieux: 
Tory/Jacobite satire and political commentary
Patrons: 
NULL
Coteries: 
Scriblerus Club: Swift, Pope, Parnell, Gay, and Lord Treasurer Oxford, Handel
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
Royal Society's Philosophical Transactions (?An argument for divine providence, taken from the constant regularity observed in the births of both sexes?), 1710; Contributed to writing Three Hours after Marriage, a comedy principally by John Gay; contributed four stanzas to Thomson's Castle of Indolence (1748); early numbers of Smollett's Critical Review; The miscellaneous works of John Armstrong, M.D. In verse and prose (The Oeconomy of Love; The Art of Preserving Health; Marriage, an Ode; Benevolence; Taste, an Epistle; A Day, an Epistle to John Wilkes, Esq; Sketches or Essays On Various Subjects), 1767
Summing Up: 

Dr. Arbuthnot is best known for his association with the Scriblerus Club. He published a number of prose works regarding medicine, as well as some satirical prose works and fewer poetry.

Armstrong, John

First Name: 
John
Last Name: 
Armstrong
Sex: 
Male
Birth: 
1708
Death: 
1779
Nationality: 
Scottish
Religion: 
Presbyterian?
Education: 
College of Edinburgh matriculated 1721, MD 1732
Profession or Occupation: 
Physician, unlicensed 1735-1765; Physician for soldiers at a hospital behind Buckinham House,1746; physician to the English army in Germany, 1760 for which he receiveda pension of half a guinea a day for life, that is, £191 p.a
Politics: 
NULL
Milieux: 
Learned and scientific poetry
Patrons: 
John Wilkes
Coteries: 
Tobias Smollett; James Thomson
Periodicals & Misc Contributed To: 
NULL
Summing Up: 

Like Dr. Arbuthnot, Armstrong was primarily a physician, publishing a number of medical works and some poetry on the side. Unlike Arbuthnot, Armstrong published a medical treatise in verse, as well as an explicit sex manual in blank verse, both of which he claimed hurt his reputation as a physician with the public. Nevertheless, he died relatively wealthy, with an estate reportedly worth ?3000.

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